Nepal was a major hub for wildlife trade in the 1990’s. “Kathmandu, Nepal’s capital is said to be one of the largest underground centers for illegal wildlife trafficking in the region”. The international traffic that goes through Nepal with airlines and other modes of transportation make it an easy flow area for wildlife trade. On March 3, 2014 World Wildlife Day, “Nepal commemorated a full year with zero Elephants, Tigers or Rhinos being poached. They had zero poached in 2011 and only one poached in 2012” (New York Times). The media informs the viewers what Nepal has done successfully in the last decade to reach a point where poaching is this low. Media can be used to help improve or push certain issues along on the right path. Media can be used as a vital piece of information regarding the coverage of environmental topics and can aid them in achieving their overall goal.
Poaching is a transnational crime and takes place in many regions all over the world. “There is a network of criminals who are often involved in other illicit businesses as well as surrounding communities that find it profitable to poach animals” (New York Times). Nepal’s efforts toward the negative externalities associated with wildlife trade have proven to be very effective toward the problem. “Nepal’s multiphase strategy is supported by a strong commitment to the country’s leadership” (New York Times). “There has been efforts between the park agencies and national law enforcement officials, as well as with international organizations such as Interpol’s Wildlife Crime Working Group, has allowed Nepal to identify and arrest kingpins in the wildlife trade business” (New York Times).
There is a lot of revenue from the natural ecosystems and wildlife of Nepal that attracts tourists and creates jobs. Nepal has created an incentive to promote the protection of wildlife for the surrounding communities. “Nepal’s government gives away 50 cents of every tourism dollar it collects to communities near wildlife preserves, making animals worth more alive than dead” (New York Times).
This article demonstrates many different aspects of the environment and its relationship with media and society. One major aspect these, articles bring out is the use of different collaborations to improve the problem in Nepal. For example, the agreements between the park agencies, the national law enforcement officials and the Wildlife crime Working Group all agreed to develop a collaborative effort to improve the regulation of poaching in the natural wildlife preserves in and around Nepal. Another collaboration is the community-based collaboration between the natives of the surrounding natural wildlife preserves and the Nepalese Government in which they receive some of the income brought in from tourism. Collaboration and agreements usually avoid conflict rather than create it among participating parties. The major decline in poaching in these areas is highly due to the collaborative efforts provided by these participating organizations. The successful relationship and productivity they provide has made an indefinite impact on the issue in this region of the world as well as an important message sent to the rest of the world.
This issue is covered at a national level and the United States are currently involved in the issue at a local level. They have been trying to eliminate demand by regulating buyers and sellers of Elephant Ivory in the United States which is an essential part of the problem. the articles show that a major difference can be made by taking actions and trying to eliminate the problem at the source as well as nationally. The very small amount of poached animals in the last few years in Nepal has been a very credible piece of information for the issue at a national level. When there is major progress being made in what used to be one of the most used trade centers in Asia it makes people wonder where else this successful method of regulation can be used. It sends a strong message to the individuals who are involved with the issue.
The articles portray a productive effect on the issue from media. The authors use narrative framing. “Narrative framing is a tool used that takes the role of media frames that provide organizing themes that connect different elements of a news story into a coherent whole” (Robert Cox). The author provides important information about the problem as a whole and how it needs to be taken care of in many different regions, they provide little insight on the overall problem but give a positive response because the next theme in the article is how Nepal has successfully prevented poaching in many natural wildlife preserves. Using these themes to gain attention in the global sphere can create a mass opinion or idea.
The significance of the media used here is that it sends a strong social message which can influence many other people and organization’s opinions regarding the issue. Nepal implemented a regulatory system on wildlife and in the past few years the regulation has proven to be a major success. Nepal is one place where poaching is a major problem, there are many other countries that still have a number of active poachers. In this particular case Nepal has shown the rest of the world that it is possible to successfully take care of major issues concerning the environment in humane ways. This stand on Poaching can make a major impact on interested individuals or organizations that are participating or want to participate in the conservation of wildlife trade.